C2 is not a model or a service but a way of thinking and working underpinned by core principles crafted with communities over many years. C2 has an evidenced-based implementation framework, based on these core principles, which addresses entrenched inequalities and creates the conditions for health and wellbeing.

Puts residents at the heart of decision making to:

  • Co-create conditions to lead transformative change for themselves
  • Generate and listen to whole community voice
  • Locate new community energy for lasting change
  • Identify and address community priority issues

Views every community as having existing latent skills that:

  • Recognises residents as the ‘experts’ holding solutions to problems, never the problem itself.
  • Creates conditions to release ‘hidden’ strengths & capacity
  • Builds strong & diverse new relations with service providers based on trust, respect & reciprocity
  • Invests in developing emergent skills and capacity of local leaders.

Takes ‘whole community’ approach that:

  • Brings community who live in an area, together with parallel community of those who work there, recognising needs of both
  • Recognises commonality of issues faced by both to create interdependence
  • Is non hierarchical but community-led with all partners working as equals
  • Creates self-renewing problem-solving, long-term community-led partnerships

C2 Partnerships reduce chaos by creating a social & physical environment that:

  • Increases community & individual sense of influence, control and ability to cope
  • Provides local governance that is understandable, manageable & meaningful
  • Creates conditions for community self-organisation
  • Removes barriers to wellness as identified by communities themselves
  • Residents become proactive co-producers of the change they want to see


  • Views communities as complex adaptive systems with potential to transform
  • Creates context for transformational change by connecting, listening & enabling
  • Works to achieve lasting systemic community change, not short-term projects
  • Uses exchange visits to transformed communities to instil hope and belief by showing what can and has been achieved
  • Creates new community order